Complete simple guide on how to play cricket and Its History about how it all started
London has indeed become one of the most popular destinations for students. There are many advantages to continuing your studies in this wonderful capital. The city offers many museums, theatres, cinemas, and so many other cultural venues. You won’t have time to get bored, and you’ll see that each neighbourhood has its history, a mix of cultures and trendy bars! So if you want to study in London, do an internship, continue your studies or even find a job, in London everything is possible! But first of all, you need to learn about English culture. That’s why Movaway offers you weekly articles to guide you, offer you activities, galleries to visit and advise you on London neighbourhoods. Today, the Movaway team will introduce you to Cricket to get acquainted with this British sport.
As you probably know, the British invented many sports such as football. But, Cricket is also a typical English sport practised by a certain elite and is played in most Commonwealth countries.
If you’re attending a game, you need to know two terms. The first is Batsman. Batsman means Batsman in English and refers to the player with the bat in charge of scoring points. Then, the Bowler is the player against the Batsman. This is the person in charge of throwing the ball towards the Batsman to touch the boards and eliminate them.
Finally, you will have understood; you will have to attend a cricket match when you are in England!
CRICKET AT A GLANCE
British national sport adopted by Commonwealth nations: Australia, New Zealand, India, Pakistan, the English West Indies and South Africa, Cricket little known and poorly understood in other countries.
Cricket is a team ball and bat sport between two teams normally composed of eleven players each. It is usually played on a grass field of oval shape in the centre of which is an area of about twenty meters in length, at each end, there is a wooden structure, the wicket.
A match is divided into several rounds. During each of them, one of the teams tries to score points (races) and simultaneously has two batsmen on the field, each in front of one of the wickets. A point is scored at each position exchange of these two players when the ball is in play. Their eleven opponents are also present on the playing field. The ball was thrown by one of them in the wicket of one of the two batsmen. The goal of the second team is to prevent the first from scoring. Indeed, mainly by eliminating the opposing batsmen. For example, by destroying the wicket with the ball on the throw.
THE HISTORY OF CRICKET
Unlike many English sports such as rugby, Cricket is not enjoyed outside British lands. Indeed, until the sixteenth century, the popular and despised classes of the rich practised this discipline. From the middle of the seventeenth century, the aristocracy became interested in maintaining relations with the rest of the population and increasing its prestige. The Lords employed as game wardens or grooms people who were above all excellent cricketers and thus formed their team.
Around 1820, the sport had two versions. Cricket for the upper-middle class who practised it in their country estates or in clubs. And a cricket for the petty bourgeoisie. The latter introduced professionalism that lasted until 1870.
So, we organize the “test cricket”. This is a series of national matches between England and the countries of the British Empire. Cricket has grown in importance and is becoming the national sport of the summer. As the club that controlled the game was the very aristocratic Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC, founded in London in 1788), the problem of the presence of the working class then arose. The roles are finely divided. The batsman had to come from a high social class (this role gave him the opportunity to show his skill and personality). Finally, members of the working class occupied the places of pitchers and collectors.
HOW IS IT PLAYED?
THE RULES OF THE GAME
The game of Cricket consists of two rounds during which all the players of the two teams composed of 11 members must succeed each other as a batsman in defence of the wickets. The designated Batsman is the only one in his team on the field. Thus, the players of the opposing team surround him. Players from the opposing team must strive to catch the ball that the Batsman hit on the fly.
THE ROLE OF THE Bowler
The pitcher named bowler attacks by sending a ball on the wicket defended by the Batsman. Made of cork and rope covered with red leather, which makes the ball hard. It weighs 172 grams and measures 23 centimetres in circumference. It’s the equivalent of a tennis ball. The objective of the pitcher is to destroy the wicket defended by the Batsman in front of him. He can take all the necessary momentum before throwing the ball. But, provided you stay within the limits of what is called the “launcher line”,. Two pitchers operate in each game, each in front of a wicket. The second pitcher attacks the Batsman from the opposite wicket when sending the six balls. It is now that all the players on the field change position.
THE ROLE OF THE Batsman
Batsmen called batsmen to use a bat usually made of willow and whose total length does not exceed 97 centimetres for the defence of wickets. The Batsman has to hit the ball hard enough. He must either send it out of bounds (which is then worth 6 points to his team) or send it to a sufficient distance so that he has time to run to the counter of his partner (one point per race for the benefit of his team). When the Batsman leaves his wicket to run to the one opposite, his partner runs himself to the window left vacant. When the batsman is eliminated, it is his partner from the opposite wicket who replaces him. And so on until the eleven players of the team whose tour it is have succeeded each other on the field. It is then up to the opposing team to defend the wickets.
Some excellent batsmen can hold a team in check for hours. Any part that is not completed is considered null and void. Unless one of the two sides gives up during the game, however, its captain can end the round when a team holds a substantial points lead. This by declaring that the tour of his camp is over. This is called the “declaration”, which has the effect of speeding up the course of the game.
Due to the special rules of Cricket, it often happens that a single game lasts several days. A limit is imposed on the time allotted daily to the game. That is to say, we resume the game the next day, to the point where we had left it. In international matches, matches last from five to six days. Competitions between counties are usually played in two or three days.
The final of the World Cricket Championship was held on March 23 2003, in Johannesburg. Australia crushed India by 125 runs and thus retains its crown of world champion acquired in 1999 in England.
Like all sports whose origin is ancient, Cricket has undergone many changes over the centuries. Thus, the wickets (the goals) have not always existed. Indeed, before, we were content to dig two holes in the grass. But also to draw, in front of each hole, a line 1.30 m apart. At the beginning of the eighteenth century, wickets appear (complex construction consisting of three stakes). The first precise rules of the game appeared in 1744.
A cricket ground is usually slightly oval. No dimension or form by the laws of Cricket codifies them. On the other hand, it is usually an ellipse of low eccentricity whose axes generally measure between 90 meters and 150 meters. For international matches, minimum dimensions are set. Since October 1 2007, these have been increased to a minimum of 137.16 metres for the shortest axis and 148.13 metres for the longest axis. The boundaries of the terrain, called boundaries, are marked by a white line, rope, or solid object with an edge or marked with a line.
In the centre of the field, oriented according to the main axis, is a rectangular surface whose grass is cut shorter, called the pitch. The length of it is 20.12 meters, and its width is 3.05 meters. It closes at each of its ends by white lines. These ppelées bowling creases. The white lines measure 2.64 meters each. Other white lines appear on the pitch. Indeed, there is a line called a popping crease in front of each bowling crease, 1.22 meters from them.
At each end of the pitch is a wooden structure called a wicket. The two wickets are parallel to each other and 20.12 meters apart. A wicket consists of three stumps and two leases.
Stumps are vertical cylindrical stakes. They are distributed over a width of 22.86 centimetres. The diameter is between 3.49 and 3.81 centimetres. They culminate at 71.1 centimetres above the pitch surface. The leases are small removable indicators with a length of 10.95 centimetres that surmount the stumps.
BALL AND BAT
For a cricket match involving senior men’s teams, the cricket ball must weigh, new, between 155.9 and 163 grams. Its circumference must be between 22.4 and 22.9 centimetres (i.e. a diameter between 7.13 and 7.29 centimetres). The dimensions and masses are different for meetings between women’s or junior teams. Indeed, during women’s meetings, from 140 to 151 grams and from 21 to 22.5 centimetres in circumference. On the other hand, during the matches in junior, from 133 to 144 grams and from 20.5 to 22.0 centimetres in circumference.
The cricket ball consists of hard cork covered with leather. The leather separated into two hemispheres linked together by a seam. The ball is traditionally red, with a white seam. White balls are used for limited overs matches, some of which take place partly in the evening. It is a legacy of World Series Cricket. It was a rebel competition organized between 1977 and 1979, which introduced these matches played a part in the evening and a ball colour visible in the light of the spotlight. A brief experiment was conducted in the nineteenth century to introduce blue balls for women’s cricket matches. Indeed, the red is supposedly too shocking for women.
A cricket bat consists of a rattan handle and a willow body. This part of the bat, called the blade, is flat on one side and rounded on the other to ensure its strength. The Batsman uses the flat side to hit the ball.
The length of the bat should not exceed 96.5 centimetres. Its blade must not exceed 10.8 centimetres where it is widest. The willow that composes it can be covered with protective material. It is only on condition that it does not exceed 1.56 mm thick and that this protection is not likely to damage the ball. The rules of cricket state that the hand(s) holding the bat and any protective gloves are considered part of the bat. Indeed, if the bullet touches a hand or glove that holds the bat, it is considered to be hit by the bat.
During the World Series Cricket, a rebel competition held in Australia between 1977 and 1979, English batsman Dennis Amiss had the idea of protecting his head with a motorcycle helmet. In March 1978, Australian Graham Yallop was the first to wear a helmet at an official international match. It is played in Test cricket format against the West Indies team.
Originally heavy to wear, the helmet has gradually imposed itself. It is now rare to see a batsman play without it. In addition, batsmen are not the only players on the field who wear helmets. Indeed, some fielders close to the opposing Batsman who receives the ball also carry it.
In addition to the helmet, the batsman benefits from other protections. These include pads, which protect the legs, gloves, and forearm protection. The opposing wicketkeeper is also entitled to gloves and pads. Other field players are not allowed to do so.
At a high level, the cricketer’s outfit depends on the format of the game. In matches with a limited duration of time, the outfit is traditionally white or cream. At the same time, colourful outfits are used for matches whose duration is limited in the number of throws. The introduction of colourful outfits in this type of match is also one of the many legacies of the World Series Cricket. The qualification of “cricket pyjamas” is sometimes used pejoratively to qualify this type of match It comes from the fact that they are played in a colourful dress.
Finally, the player’s outfit consists of pants, a short- or long-sleeved shirt and sometimes a sweater with or without sleeves.
ENGLAND CRICKET TEAM
The England cricket team represents England and Wales in international competitions. Since 1997 it has been governed by England and the Wales Cricket Board (ECB), having been run by Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) since 1903. As the founding nation, England is a full member of the International Cricket Council (ICC) with Test, One Day International (ODI) and Twenty20 International status. Until the 1990s, Scottish and Irish players also played for England. These countries are not yet full members of the ICC. England and Australia were the first teams to play a test match in March 1877.
Together with South Africa, these nations formed the Imperial Cricket Conference on June 15 1909. England and Australia also played the first International One Day on January 5 1971. England’s first Twenty20 International, on June 13, 2005, once again against Australia. As of March 26, 2021, England had played 1034 test matches, winning 377 and losing 308 (with 349 draws). In the test series against Australia, England played for The Ashes. The Ashes was one of the most famous trophies in the entire sport, and they have indeed won the ballot box 32 times.
England also played 754 One Day International, winning 379. They have made the Cricket World Cup final four times, winning once in 2019. They also finished second in two International Cricket Council trophies (2004 and 2013). England played 131 Twenty20 International, winning 66. They won the ICC T20 World Cup in 2010 and were finalists in 2016.
Since February 8 2021, England has been ranked fourth in the tests, first for the ODI and first for the T20I by the ICC.
THE 5 RICHEST CRICKETERS IN THE WORLD
SACHIN TENDULKAR – $115 MILLION
Considered by experts as the best Batsman in the history of Cricket, Sachin Tendulkar, cricket legend. In international Cricket, no player has recorded as many running points as Sachin Tendulkar. Sachin Tendulkar, known as Master Blaster, is the first cricketer to record 30,000 runs in the history of international Cricket. The net worth of this professional is estimated at $ 115 million. This makes him the richest cricketer in the world.
MS DHONI – $111 MILLION
Another successful cricketer, MS Dhoni. Considered one of the best cricketers in the world at the moment. Ms Dhoni or Virat Kohli? Great question for fans of both players!. Dhoni, who captained the Indian national cricket team in limited-overs and Test Cricket, has an impressive track record. He is the only captain in cricket history to have led his team to victory in all ICC-sanctioned events.
While experts disagree that Dhoni is the most popular cricketer globally, they all agree that he is the best wicketkeeper. Dhoni has an estimated net worth of $111 million. He holds sponsorship deals with Reebok, GoDaddy, TVS Motors, Colgate, Snickers, Sony Bravia, Orient, etc.
VIRAT KOHLI – $92 MILLION
Virat Kohli is one of the best and richest cricketers in the world at the moment. The star, which experts say is the best batsman globally, has regularly topped One Day International’s batsman rankings since 2017. Kohli was the highest-paid cricketer in 2019. He is the only cricket star to feature in Forbes’ 2019 ranking of the world’s 100 highest-paid athletes. The estimated net worth is $92 million. He has also concluded very impressive sponsorship deals, especially with major brands such as Google, Colgate, Pepsi, Valvoline, Audi India and Uber.
RICKY PONTING – $65 MILLION
Former Australian cricketer-turned-coach and commentator Ricky Ponting led the cricket world before his retirement. In international Cricket, Ricky Ponting is known as the most successful captain. He captained the Australian national cricket teams at One Day Internationals and Tests Crickets during the so-called Golden Age, where the team enjoyed incredible success. Ponting received the title of “Cricketer of the Decade 2000”. In addition, he was the captain of the Australian national cricket team. They have 220 wins in 324 games. His net worth is estimated at $65 million.
BRIAN LARA – $60 MILLION
His title as the greatest cricket batsman is undisputed. Indeed, the Trinidad and Tobago cricket star have had a very successful career. He has become one of only three cricketers to receive the BBC Foreign Sports Personality of the Year award. The ICC Hall of Famer is the highest test cricket score and holds the record for the most points earned by an individual in first-class Cricket. Eventually, after his brilliant cricket career, he continued to play golf, where he enjoyed similar success. Brian, nicknamed “The Prince,” is worth $60 million.
WHERE TO BUY YOUR TICKETS?
Whether you know Cricket or not, the Movaway team advises you to attend a match during your stay. If you want to attend a cricket match, Movaway advises you to buy your tickets on the official Website of Lord’s. Namely that you can even visit it. Come to Lord’s for a behind-the-scenes tour in the “Cradle of Cricket”. Under the guidance of an expert guide, the guided tours introduce the pavilion, the legendary Long Hall and the changing rooms. Housing the famous “honour rolls”, you can sit in the seats usually occupied by the England team.
At the MCC Museum, the birthplace of the Ashes Urn Trophy and 400 years of cricket history, you can explore Lord’s Treasure House. It’s as you tour the grounds that you’ll feel the magical atmosphere at Lord’s and appreciate the award-winning architecture of the J. P. Morgan Media Center.
So what could be better than spending time with friends or your roommates around a cricket match? Don’t wait and reserve your place now!