How Cricket Stumps Are Used To Determine a Dismissal of the Batsman in Cricket?

Cricket stumps are also known as wickets. They are the three vertical posts that form the wicket and provide support to the bails. In cricket, stumping or being stumped means that the batsman has got out and must return to the pavilion.


In Test Cricket, when the umpires call the stumps, play for the day is over and shall continue the next day. Equipment manufacturers make Cricket stumps and bails from wood, usually ash, and join them to form a wicket at each pitch end. 


Let us discuss a few questions related to cricket stumps:

How Many Stumps Are Placed On A Cricket Pitch

Q) What is the width of a cricket wicket?

  • Each wicket’s total width is 9 inches.

Q) What is the height of a cricket stump?

  •  Each stump has a height of 28 inches with a maximum diameter of 1.5 inches and a minimum of 1.375 inches.

Q) How long is a cricket pitch from stump to stump?

  • From stump to stump, a cricket pitch is 20.12m long.

Q) What is the weight of a cricket stump?

  •  A cricket stump typically weighs 450 grams.

Q) What is a Stump Cam?

  • With the advent of new technology, many cricket stumps are now hollow and contain a tiny television camera. This innovation is called a ‘stump cam’ or a ‘stump camera,’ which allows the match’s umpires and the audience to have a unique view of the action replays, especially when the batsman gets out.

Q) What are Zing Bails?

  • A recent adaptation seen in professional cricket matches is that equipment manufacturers embed red LEDs in the cricket stumps and bails. When the bowler knocks out the cricket stumps, these LEDs light up and provide a mesmerizing sight to the viewers. 

    These are called “Zing Bails” that were invented by an Australian engineer to help the umpires with run-out or stumping decisions and to provide exclusive images to media coverage during the day and night matches. 

    The organizers of the ICC World Cup Twenty20 in 2014 first used these LED cricket stumps, and since then, using them in white-ball games, ODIs, and T20s has become a usual practice in world cricket. We can often see these cricket stumps being used in Test matches as well.

Zings Flashing bails and stumps lits up when they are hit by a ball or if a batsman gets bowled out or run out. Check the demonstration video above for more information.

  • Each cricket stump has a spike at one end for the ground staff to insert it into the ground, while a “U-shaped through groove’ at the other so that the bail can rest appropriately on it. 
  • Cricket stumps are often referred to by three terms: Off Stump, Middle Stump, and Leg Stump. 
  • Off stump is the cricket stump on the similar side as the batsman’s bat. 
  • The middle stump is the cricket stump in the middle of the three cricket stumps
  • Leg stump is the cricket stump on the similar side as the batsman’s left leg. 
  • Cricket has evolved, and in the modern era, sponsors brand the cricket stumps with their logo. 
  • Although the spectators find it difficult to see it live on the ground, media coverage makes it visible for the audience to see how the cricket stumps look during the match. 
  • In cricket terminology, stumps also mean to declare an end of the day’s play. For example, when a match’s coverage shows that “umpires called stumps,” it means that the umpires have ended that day’s gameplay. 
  • Before each lunch or tea session, the umpires will remove the bails, and after the players have played the game for the entire day, the umpires will also remove the cricket stumps


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