What Makes Extra Run an Extra Run in Cricket

In addition to the runs actually scored by batsmen, there are a few other ways that umpires can add runs to a team’s score. These surplus runs are known quite aptly as ‘extras runs.’ In cricket, an extra is a run scored by or awarded to a batting team that is not credited to any individual batsman. 


Extras are not scored by batsmen directly but are points given because of the bowler’s fouls or mistakes. The extras are tallied separately on the scorecard and count only towards the team’s score at the end.

Four Types of Extra Runs

There are four types of extra runs in cricket which can be awarded to the batsmen’s team, known as ‘wide,’ ‘no balls,’ ‘byes’ and ‘leg byes.’

One extra run is awarded for a wide ball, a delivery judged by the Umpire to have swerved too far left/ right from the batsman for him to have a reasonable shot at it.

Extra runs, either one or two, are granted to the batting team, depending on the situation, for a no-ball, which is an illegal delivery from the bowler. Delivery is usually classified as a no-ball in circumstances where the fielding team has perpetuated something illegal. 


When the bowler oversteps the crease, bowls dangerously or incorrectly, or if the ball rises above the batsman’s head. No balls are erroneously bowled balls. The bowlers must aim for a fair delivery where the ball must be bowled, not thrown haphazardly, the arm shouldn’t be bent, nor the ball jerked. 


The ball should be bowled in continuity with the delivery stride, where some part of the bowler’s body should be behind one foot on the pitch.

3) Byes

Batsmen must aim to run even if it’s a wide or no-ball, or they can’t hit the ball, since these runs count towards the score. If the batsmen complete these runs or if the ball hits the boundary without touching the bat, the corresponding runs are added as ‘byes’ to the team score. 


However, it should be noted that byes are not added to the batsman’s score but rather to the team total.

4) Leg Byes:

Leg byes are quite similar to byes. The only difference is that the ball doesn’t touch the bat but touches the batsman’s body. However, for ‘leg byes’ to be awarded, the batsman must have made a genuine attempt to hit the ball and cannot have let it hit his body.


When a bowler has bowled all six balls, not accounting for wide and no balls, and over have been completed. The batsmen must remain where they are, and a new over is begun by a different bowler at the opposite wicket while the players adjust their positions on the Cricket field. In one-day cricket, no bowler can bowl more than 10 overs in a 50 over match.

Most extra runs in a cricket match were seen last on:

  • December 8th, 2007, with India vs. Pakistan at M Chinnaswamy Stadium with a total of 182 Extras.
  • Another instance of many extras was seen on June 7th, 2007, with England vs. West Indies at Old Trafford Stadium with 162 Extras.
  • Most extras in an innings were last seen on January 3rd, 2021, with New Zealand vs. Pakistan in the 1st innings at Hagley Oval ground with 64 extras.
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